Who was Turner anyway?

Who was Turner anyway?

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A Turner Bugler, 2004

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General Lee’s Proclamation to all the People of Maryland.


September 1862

From The Missouri Democrat, Friday, September 12, 1862.


General Lee’s Proclamation to all the People of Maryland.

BALTIMORE, Sept. 11.—Gen. Lee has issued the following proclamation:


To all the People of Maryland:

It is right that you should know the purpose that has brought the army under my command within the limits of your State, so far as that purpose concerns yourselves.

The people of the Confederate States have long watched with the deepest sympathy the wrongs and outrages which have been inflicted upon the citizens of a commonwealth allied to the States of the South by the strongest social, political and commercial ties, and reduced to the condition of a conquered province under the pretence of supporting the Constitution, but in violation of its most valued provisions.

Your citizens have been arrested and imprisoned upon no charge, and contrary to all forms of law. A faithful and manly protest against this outrage, made by a venerable and illustrious Marylander, to whom, in better days, no citizen appealed for right in vain, was treated with scorn and contempt.

The government of your chief city has been usurped and filled by strangers; your Legislature has been dissolved by the unlawful arrest of its members; freedom of the press and speech has been suppressed; words have been declared offenses by an arbitrary decree of the Federal Executive, and citizens ordered to be tried by Military Commissions for what they may dare to speak.

Believing that the people of Maryland possess a spirit too lofty to submit to such a government, the people of the South have long wished to aid them in throwing off this foreign yoke to enable you to enjoy the inestimable rights of freemen and restore the independence and sovereignty of your State.

In obedience to this wish our army has come among you, and is prepared to assist you with the power of its arms in regaining the rights of which you have been so unjustly despoiled. This, citizens of Maryland, is our mission. So far as you are concerned, no restraint upon your free will is intended. No intimation will be allowed within the limits of this army.

Marylanders shall once more enjoy their ancient freedom of thought and speech. We know no enemies among you, and will protect all of you in every opinion. It is for you to decide your destiny freely and without constraint. This army will respect your choice whatever it may be, and while the Southern people will rejoice to welcome you to your natural position among them, will only welcome you as coming of your own free will.

R. E. LEE, Gen. Com.